The 2016 Presidential Candidates In Brief


election ahead

election ahead

As the 2016 Elections draw near, many primary candidates have tossed their hats in the ring. Here’s a closer look at the background and stances of the 18 Republicans and 5 Democrats in the running as of August 9, 2015 (listed alphabetically by last name).

 

Jeb Bush – Male, 63 (R)

  • Former Governor of Florida
  • Son and brother of two U.S presidents
  • On abortion: Supports banning most abortions after 20 weeks
  • On the economy: Opposes raising taxes
  • On education: Supports implementing the Common Core
  • On gay marriage: Opposes same-sex marriages
  • On gun control: Supports expanding the rights of gun owners
  • On healthcare: Opposes the Affordable Care Act aka Obamacare
  • On immigration: Opposes legal path to citizenship for undocumented residents

Ben Carson – Male, 65 (R)

  • Retired neurosurgeon
  • On abortion: Supports banning most abortions after 20 weeks
  • On climate change: Does not believe that global warming is a threat or a proven trend
  • On the economy: Supports a flat tax and eliminating the IRS
  • On education: Opposes federally-determined standards, such as the Common Core
  • On gay marriage: Disagrees with the Supreme Court decision to legalize same-sex marriage and believes marriage is between a man and a woman but recognizes the Supreme Court ruling as “the law of the land”
  • On gun control: Proposes few limits on gun ownership except for the mentally ill or those convicted of a violent crime
  • On healthcare: Supports replacing the Affordable Care Act with health savings accounts
  • On immigration: Proposes a national guest worker program for undocumented residents

Lincoln Chafee – Male, 63 (D)

  • Former Governor of Rhode Island
  • Left the Republican party in 2006 and became a Democrat in 2013
  • On the economy: Supports building up infrastructure to bolster the economy
  • On healthcare: Supports the Affordable Care Act aka Obamacare
  • On education: Supports increasing government funding
  • On abortion: Supports a woman’s right to choose
  • On gay marriage: Supports marriage equality and the Supreme Court ruling that legalized same-sex marriage nationally

Chris Christie – Male, 54 (R)

  • Governor of New Jersey
  • On abortion: Supports banning abortions after 20 weeks, with exceptions for rape, incest and life of the mother
  • On climate change: Believes climate change is real and supports the Keystone Pipeline
  • On education: Opposes the Common Core currently (though he helped New Jersey sign on initially) and supports waiving No Child Left Behind rules for states
  • On gay marriage: Believes marriage is between a man and a woman but recognizes the Supreme Court decision to legalize same-sex marriage as “the law of the land”
  • On gun control: Opposes ban on assault weapons
  • On healthcare: Opposes the Affordable Care Act aka Obamacare and wants it repealed
  • On immigration: Opposes legal path to citizenship for undocumented residents but supports in-state tuition for undocumented students.

Hillary Clinton – Female, 69 (D)

  • Former Secretary of State and former first lady
  • On abortion: Supports a woman’s right to choose
  • On climate change: Proposes more development on clean renewable energy to stem climate change/global warming
  • On education: Proposes refinancing student loans and making an effort to make college more affordable
  • On gay marriage: Supports the Supreme Court ruling that legalized same-sex marriage
  • On healthcare: Supports Obamacare but thinks the government can do more to lower the cost

Ted Cruz – Male, 45 (R)

  • Senator from Texas
  • On climate change: Doesn’t believe that the earth has warmed substantially in the past 17 years
  • On the economy: Supports adopting a flat tax
  • On gay marriage: Opposes Supreme Court ruling on same-sex marriage
  • On gun control: Supports the Second Amendment right to bear arms
  • On healthcare: Opposes the Affordable Care Act aka Obamacare

Mark Everson – Male, 60 (R)

  • Former IRS Commissioner
  • On abortion: Opposes abortions unless the life of the mother is at stake
  • On the economy: Supports the Competitive Tax Plan authored by Columbia professor Michael Graetz
  • On gun control: Supports the Second Amendment right to bear arms
  • On healthcare: Opposes the Affordable Care Act aka Obamacare but supports efforts to raise the threshold for fulltime work to 40 hours
  • On immigration: Supports amnesty and a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants and supports the E-verify system

Carly Fiorina – Female, 62 (R)

  • Former CEO of Hewlett-Packard
  • On abortion: Supports making on-demand abortions at 20-weeks illegal and is pro-life
  • On the economy: Supports small businesses as the backbone of the US economy
  • On education: Wants to focus on curriculum reform, accountability, and developing great teachers
  • On gay marriage: Believes that marriage benefits should be bestowed by the government equally to everyone but that the government must also protect the rights of those whose religious beliefs mandate that marriage is solely between a man and a woman

Jim Gilmore – Male, 67 (R)

  • Former Governor of Virginia
  • On abortion: Supports the partial-birth abortion ban
  • On the economy: Supports greater banking oversight
  • On gun control: Serves on the board of directors of the National Rifle Association (NRA)
  • On immigration: Opposes amnesty for undocumented residents

Lindsey Graham – Male, 61 (R)

  • Senator from South Carolina
  • On abortion: Supports making on-demand abortions at 20-weeks illegal and is pro-life
  • On the economy: Supports keeping Social Security and focusing on entitlement reform
  • On education: Supports preserving student loans
  • On gay marriage: Believes that marriage is between a man and a woman but supports the Supreme Court’s ruling
  • On healthcare: Supports making healthcare more affordable and accessible but doesn’t see the Affordable Care Act as the solution

Mike Huckabee – Male, 61 (R)

  • Former Governor of Arkansas
  • On abortion: Supports banning all abortions
  • On climate change: Believes scientific predictions about global warming are inaccurate
  • On the economy: Supports eliminating income taxes and the IRS and replacing it with a national sales tax
  • On education: Supports the Common Core but opposes federally-mandated testing and believes states, not the federal government, should set the standards
  • On gay marriage: Supports a Constitutional amendment to reverse the Supreme Court decision that legalized same-sex marriage and opposes allowing same-sex couples to adopt children
  • On gun control: Supports concealed carry laws
  • On healthcare: Supports repealing the Affordable Care Act aka Obamacare
  • On immigration: Supports requiring immigrants living in America illegally to self-deport within four months, except those brought here as children

Bobby Jindal – Male, 45 (R)

  • Governor of Louisiana
  • On abortion: Supports banning most abortions after 20 weeks, with exceptions for rape, incest and life of the mother
  • On climate change: Believes climate change is real but doesn’t support the stricter regulations and current environmental rules favored by the Obama administration
  • On the economy: Proposes increased defense spending, eliminating state income tax and supports President Bush’s proposal to offer voluntary private personal savings accounts for social security
  • On education: Opposes the Common Core and supports increased funding for community colleges
  • On gay marriage: Supports a Constitutional amendment to reverse the Supreme Court decision that legalized same-sex marriage and believes that marriage is between a man and a woman
  • On gun control: Supports protecting an individual’s right to gun access and ownership
  • On healthcare: Supports repealing the Affordable Care Act aka Obamacare
  • On immigration: Supports a path to citizenship for undocumented residents and expanding legal immigration
  • On ISIS: Supports sending U.S troops on the ground

John Kasich – Male, 64 (R)

  • Governor of Ohio
  • On abortion: Supports banning abortions after 20 weeks, except if the life of the mother is in danger
  • On climate change: Believes climate change is real but opposes EPA regulations of emissions
  • On the economy: Supports cutting income and corporate taxes
  • On education: Supports the Common Core and decreased funding for education
  • On gay marriage: Believes in traditional definition of marriage but supports the Supreme Court decision to legalize same-sex marriage and respects the right of individuals to love whomever they love
  • On healthcare: Supports the federal Medicaid expansion but proposes repealing and replacing the rest of the Affordable Care Act
  • On immigration: Supports allowing undocumented immigrants to stay in the country legally but proposes an alternative to a path to citizenship
  • On ISIS: Supports sending U.S troops on the ground

Martin O’Malley – Male, 53 (D)

  • Supports raising the minimum wage to $15/hour
  • On abortion: Supports abortion access
  • On climate change: Supports government regulation of greenhouse emissions and the cap-and-trade carbon emissions policy
  • On the economy: Supports raising the minimum wage and opposes the Trans-Pacific Partnership
  • On gay marriage: Supports the Supreme Court’s ruling legalizing same-sex marriage
  • On gun control: Supports ban on dozens of assault weapons, limiting the size of gun magazines and requiring fingerprints to buy a handgun
  • On healthcare: Supports the Affordable Care Act and proposes expanding it to an “all-payer” system
  • On immigration: Supports the DREAM act and a path to citizenship for illegal immigrants

George Pataki – Male, 71 (R)

  • Former Governor of New York
  • On abortion: Opposes government involvement in a woman’s decisions
  • On the economy: Supports lowering taxes and regulations on businesses
  • On education: Proposes lowering university costs and that the government quit profiting off student loans
  • On gay marriage: Supports leaving the decision up to the states
  • On gun control: Supports stricter enforcement of federal gun laws
  • On healthcare: Opposes the Affordable Care Act aka Obamacare

Rand Paul – Male, 53 (R)

  • Senator from Kentucky
  • Son of former presidential candidate, former Representative Ron Paul
  • On abortion: Believes that once a fetus is a baby, it deserves to live
  • On the economy: Supports lowering tax rate
  • On education: Supports making college education deductible
  • On healthcare: Supports lowering the cost of healthcare but not through Obamacare

Rick Perry – Male, 66 (R)

  • Former Governor of Texas
  • Currently under indictment for abuse of power and coercion
  • On abortion: Opposes abortions after 20 weeks, except if the life of the mother is in danger
  • On climate change: Believes that global warming is an unproven scientific theory
  • On the economy: Supports a flat tax of 20%, capping federal spending at 18 percent of GDP and balancing the budget within a decade
  • On education: Proposes closing the Department of Education and opposes any federal education standards such as the Common Core
  • On gay marriage: Opposes a federal ruling and believes states should decide whether or not to allow same-sex marriages
  • On healthcare: Supports repealing the Affordable Care Act (aka Obamacare) and letting states replace it
  • On immigration: Opposes any path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants until America’s southern border is secure and the federal DREAM Act but supports allowing undocumented students access to in-state tuition
  • On ISIS: Supports sending U.S troops on the ground and increasing airstrikes

Marco Rubio – Male, 45 (R)

  • Senator from Florida
  • On abortion: Supports banning abortions after 20 weeks, with exceptions for rape, incest and life of the mother
  • On climate change: Believes global warming is real but not affected by human activity
  • On the economy: Supports decreasing government spending for everything but defense and cutting corporate taxes to 25 percent
  • On gay marriage: Believes marriage is between a man and a woman but recognizes the Supreme Court ruling as “the law of the land”
  • On immigration: Supports a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants
  • On ISIS: Supports increasing the president’s power to combat

Bernie Sanders – Male, 75 (D)

  • Senator from Vermont
  • On abortion: Supports a woman’s right to choose because a woman, not the government, has the right to control her body.
  • On climate change: Supports and has proposed comprehensive legislation to combat climate change
  • On the economy: Supports raising the minimum wage and opposes free trade
  • On education: Proposes free tuition at public colleges and universities, refinancing student loans, and getting the government out of the business of
  • On gay marriage: Supports the Supreme Court’s ruling legalizing same-sex marriage
  • On gun control: Supports ban on certain semi-automatics and instant background checks
  • On healthcare: Supports Obamacare but would like to see it expanded as a “single-payer Medicare for all” program

Rick Santorum – Male, 58 (R)

  • Former Senator from Pennsylvania
  • Came second in the 2012 GOP Primary
  • On abortion: Supports banning all abortions, except if the life of the mother is in danger
  • On climate change: Believes global warming is real but not affected by human activity and supports drilling for oil in Alaska and the construction of the Keystone Pipeline
  • On the economy: Supports raising the minimum wage
  • On education: Opposes the Common Core
  • On gay marriage: Supports a Constitutional amendment to reverse the Supreme Court decision that legalized same-sex marriage
  • On healthcare: Opposes Obamacare and proposes an alternate system with tax credits for low-income Americans and high-risk pools for those with previous illnesses
  • On immigration: Opposes the DREAM act and any path to citizenship for undocumented workers and proposes restricting legal immigration
  • On ISIS: Supports more air strikes and proposes deploying 10,000 U.S. ground troops

Donald Trump – Male, 70 (R)

  • Business mogul and host of the “Apprentice”
  • On abortion: Supports limiting abortions and currently identifies as pro-life but previously supported a woman’s right to choose
  • On climate change: Believes global warming is a hoax
  • On the economy: Supports cuts in government spending and eliminating corporate taxes
  • On gay marriage: Believes marriage is between a man and a woman and should be defined state-by-state
  • On gun control: Opposes restrictions on gun ownership but supports a ban on some assault weapons
  • On healthcare: Opposes Obamacare and supports Medicare (and Social Security) benefits and universal healthcare
  • On immigration: Proposes building a wall along the southern border of the U.S and opposes a path to citizenship for undocumented workers

Scott Walker – Male, 49 (R)

  • Governor of Wisconsin
  • On abortion: Supports banning abortions after 20 weeks, with exceptions only if the life of the mother is in danger, not for incest or rape
  • On climate change: Opposes EPA emissions regulation
  • On the economy: Supports cutting tax rates
  • On education: Opposes the Common Core
  • On gay marriage: Believes marriage is between a man and a woman and supports a Constitutional amendment to reverse the Supreme Court decision that legalized same-sex marriage
  • On immigration: Opposes a path to citizenship but doesn’t believe deportation is the solution
  • On ISIS: Supports going beyond airstrikes

Jim Webb – Male, 70 (D)

  • Former Secretary of the Navy
  • On abortion: Supports abortion access
  • On climate change: Supports building the Keystone Pipeline and limiting the EPA’s power to regulate emissions
  • On the economy: Supports cutting corporate taxes
  • On gay marriage: Believes same-sex marriage should be legal but that government shouldn’t have a role in private matters
  • On gun control: Believes gun ownership is an important right
  • On healthcare: Voted for Obamacare but believes it should be smaller in scope
  • On immigration: Supports the DREAM act and a path to citizenship for undocumented workers once the border is secure
  • On ISIS: Supports limited military action

 

– Tara Subramaniam 

 

 

 

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Tara Subramaniam

Tara Subramaniam loves to write, read, run, travel and learn new languages. She strives to live by the opening words of the Holstee Manifesto: “This is your life. Do what you love and do it often. If you don’t like something, change it!” As a Smart Girl, she’s a current affairs columnist for The Loop and a Media Sister. You can find her online on Twitter (@tara_supersub) or via her blog Life’s About the Journey (www.itsallaboutthejourney97.wordpress.com).